The entry of Syrian refugees into Lebanon and Jordan has resulted in unprecedented social and economic challenges to both countries. These are felt on a day-to-day basis by all Lebanese and Jordanian citizens whether through higher rents and declining public service availability, or through health and education infrastructure that is stretched beyond its limits. There is no doubt that both host countries have been incredibly generous to refugees, particularly at the societal level.
Humanitarian Financing & Resources
Since the Syrian conflict began in 2011, 11 million people have been internally displaced or have fled to neighboring states. This has put an incredible strain on the hosting societies, particularly in Lebanon,Jordan, Iraq and Turkey. The international community has dispatched more than $17 billion in funding to Syria Response Plans, 300 organizations have implemented projects, and thousands of people have been activated to assist both host communities and refugees themselves to cope with the circumstances.
The private sector has long been a major contributor to humanitarian action. At the community level, businesses frequently use their materials and resources to aid people affected by crises. As local markets recover and supply chains are repaired, crisis-affected people are once again able to access basic goods and, in some cases, resume livelihoods.
The humanitarian aid system is growing and expanding, and so surely its capacity to meet these challenges should also be growing. Yet despite the enormous resources, in the more complex, less high-profile and difficult contexts, MSF teams in the field have seen that humanitarian responses to displacement emergencies have not occurred in a timely and effective way. This is especially the case in conflict areas. These observations have prompted MSF to conduct this review, to better understand how the humanitarian system is responding to acute displacement emergencies.
Introduction: the challenges of an unprecedented refugee crisis in Lebanon
According to UNHCR, “over 2 million people have fled Syria since the beginning of the conflict in 2011, making this one of the largest refugee exoduses in recent history with no end yet in sight. The refugee population in the region could reach over 4 million by the end of 2014”.
This report will provide a description of the assessment conducted by IMC’s Mental Health and Psychosocial team in the region of Wadi Khaled following the displacement of Syrians into the northern villages between the Lebanese-Syrian borders as a result of the internal conflicts taking place in Syria.
Over 57,000 displaced Syrians are receiving protection and assistance in Lebanon through the efforts of the Government of Lebanon and UN and NGO partners. Of this number, 42,947 are registered, with an additional 14,952 people having been in contact with UNHCR to be registered2. A total of 17,827 Syrians (3,846 families) have been registered with UNHCR in the Bekaa. Half of the populations of refugees are minors and most of them are accommodated by host families or rent some accommodation.