This policy brief was developed based on an in-depth report titled “Women’s Political Participation: Exclusion and Reproduction of Social Roles. Case Studies from Lebanon;” in addition to discussions and insights gathered during a consultation workshop held on 8 November 2018, and which marked the participation of women who had taken part of the research, as well as activists, representatives of civil society organisations, and academics.
UNFPA on behalf of UNDP and UN Women organized a national workshop on gender-related laws, policies and practices in Lebanon, which was held in Beirut on the 7th and 8th of August, 2018. At the beginning of both days, the workshop covered the presentation of report parts and the most prominent conclusions stated thereof. The two days were divided into the following points:
More than a decade after the United Nations’ adoption of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, which is adopted by many countries including Lebanon, these countries returned in 2015 to commit themselves to achieve gender equality and to empower all women and girls as one of the development agenda goals for the coming years. According to this goal, gender equality is no longer a fundamental human right only, but also one of the necessary foundations for peace, prosperity and sustainability at the social and economic level.
Lebanon provides a refuge for many women and teenagers driven away from neighbouring countries by wars and conflicts, as well as some who have come from other countries seeking better economic conditions. Trafficking and prostitution are exacerbated in a context of unemployment and insecurity, where the State is often absent.
With globalisation, the mobility of people has grown, and women are essential actors in this migratory phenomenon. This article focuses on the role of women in migration and the role of migration in advancing women’s rights to achieve gender equality.
Only a handful of studies in Lebanon have shed light on the changing gendered dynamics within the refugee families by comparing gender roles, expectations, and practices before and after displacement (as result of armed conflict). And even when such research is carried out, it has seldom examined how changing roles and identities related to masculinities affect gender relations.