The articles gathered in this issue of the Civil Society Review offer insights, based on case studies, into the transformation of the “associative sector” in Lebanon, a sector generally seen to be at the core of an increasingly active civil society. Four of these studies relate to Lebanon, while the fifth brings a welcome comparison with the Palestinian case. Itr also includes a review of a book that investigates the Lebanese and Libyan contexts.
The impetus for this case study arose in the “Advocacy for Reproductive Health” project, funded by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and implemented by The Palestinian Initiative for the Promotion of Global Dialogue and Democracy (MIFTAH), a non-governmental organization (NGO).
This document is the outcome of a workshop organised by UNRWA on the 31st of March 2010 on “Community of Practice in Building Referral Systems for Women Victims of Violence”. It summarizes and reflects on the presentations and discussions made during the workshop to develop lessons learned based on shared experiences of a Community of Practitioners.
Israeli forces conducted a major combined military operation in the Gaza Strip for a period of 22 days (December 27, 2008 – January 18, 2009), where “Israeli forces used aerial bombing, tank shelling and armored bulldozers to eliminate the productive capacity of some of Gaza's most important manufacturing plants during their 22 days of military action in the Gaza Strip”1. A ceasefire was through on Jan. 18th, 2009, put a temporary end to the fighting, pending the conclusion of broader arrangements to sustain a ceasefire as envisaged in Security Council resolution 1860.
June 14, 2009 marks the second year of closure of the Gaza Strip for movement of both people and goods. The large majority of these movements are classified under the humanitarian functions with only limited quantities of exports mainly cash crops. This in turn has materialized in high unemployment specifically in the industrial sector, complete or partial closure of industrial establishments as well as tremendous increase in obtaining production inputs through the tunnels. After two years of closure, punctuated by the Gaza War, there has been no improvement at the crossings.
This report highlights the post war status of private sector businesses represented in the Palestinian Federation of Industries (PFI) in the Gaza Strip. It attempts to rationalize some of the figures resulting from the preliminary damage assessment PFI performed in cooperation with other private sector bodies as well as the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). While this paper comes at a time when other parallel efforts are underway, it attempts to complement the ongoing post war assessment efforts.