Economic integration is an important means to generate income and employment, to boost investment and to spur structural transformation toward more diversified and broad-based economic models. Services do not only satisfy domestic consumption and investment demands but are also exported and used as intermediate inputs and, through their vital impact on the productive efficiency of other sectors, services are a determining factor in a country’s participation in international production networks.
This report aims to provide a contextual understanding of migration governance in the Lebanese context, as well as its implications for refugees and migrants. Towards this end, this report provides an overview of the legal and policy framework in Lebanon, notably within the context of the Syrian refugee crisis erupting in 2011. Moreover, the report critically evaluates the legal statuses – if any – pertaining to ‘asylum seekers’, ‘refugees’, and ‘migrants’ on the one hand, and the role of state and non-state actors on the other.
UNFPA on behalf of UNDP and UN Women organized a national workshop on gender-related laws, policies and practices in Lebanon, which was held in Beirut on the 7th and 8th of August, 2018. At the beginning of both days, the workshop covered the presentation of report parts and the most prominent conclusions stated thereof. The two days were divided into the following points:
More than a decade after the United Nations’ adoption of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, which is adopted by many countries including Lebanon, these countries returned in 2015 to commit themselves to achieve gender equality and to empower all women and girls as one of the development agenda goals for the coming years. According to this goal, gender equality is no longer a fundamental human right only, but also one of the necessary foundations for peace, prosperity and sustainability at the social and economic level.
This report explores the impact of transport infrastructure and service availability and efficiency on the connectivity – the state of being connected – of GVCs. It assesses whether the Arab region meets the necessary requirements of infrastructure, logistics and trade facilitation to be able to participate meaningfully in GVCs.
The Arab region lacks sustainable natural resource management, mostly in the areas of energy efficiency and its overwhelming reliance on fossil fuels for virtually all its energy needs. War, political instability, and consequent displacement and migration, particularly in low- and lower-middle-income countries, further accelerate pressure on urban living space and resources. Sustainable-energy development is not a priority that is more relevant to any one Arab country rather than another, nor a choice between high growth and low growth.
The study aimed to raise awareness on the Digital Economy in the Arab region and its contribution to Sustainable Development. Digital Economy is a concept characterizing a situation where pervasive use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in all social and economic endeavors leading to expanded opportunities, economic growth and improved public service delivery.
This report presents the findings of the labour market study in Bar Elias and the Bekaa, focusing on the labour activities, initiatives, and aspirations of current B&Z beneficiaries and Syrian refugee youth and women heads of household respondents that could potentially be engaged through future interventions. It also presents a general overview of the formal employment sectors that Syrians can engage in, by law, as well as principles and approaches that could be adopted for the informal economic activities that Syrian refugees engage in.